Download A Dictionary of Epidemiology by Miquel Porta PDF

By Miquel Porta

This 6th variation of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the main up-to-date due to the fact its inception -- displays the profound sizeable and methodological alterations that experience come to represent epidemiology and its linked disciplines. backed by means of the overseas Epidemiological organization, this ebook continues to be the fundamental reference for someone learning or operating in epidemiology, biostatistics, public health and wellbeing, medication, or the turning out to be quantity overall healthiness sciences within which epidemiologic competency is now required.

More than simply a dictionary, this article is an important guidebook to the country of the technological know-how. It deals the most up-tp-date, authoritative definitions of phrases significant to biomedical and public overall healthiness literature -- every thing from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology keeps to alter and develop, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will stay its publication of list.

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83 association study 11 Atomistic fallacy (Syn: genetic association study) An approach commonly used in genetics and in genetic epidemiology to explore novel genetic markers associated with a particular trait or the risk of developing a particular condition. The frequency of alleles or genotypes is compared between cases with the disease or trait under investigation and a group of individuals without that disease or trait (controls). A difference between the two groups in the frequency of the genetic marker, variant, or polymorphism under test suggests that such marker may increase the likelihood of the condition or trait, or be in linkage desiquilibrium with a genetic characteristic which does.

25. Fine P, Goldacre B, Haines A. Epidemiology—a science for the people. Lancet 2013; 381: 1249–1252. 26. Geneletti SG, Gallo V, Porta M, et al. Assessing causal relationships in genomics: From Bradford-Hill criteria to complex gene-environment interactions and directed acyclic graphs. Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2011; 8: 5. ete-online. com/content/8/1/5 27. Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, et al. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 2009; 461: 472–475. 28. Feinberg AP. Phenotypic plasticity and the epigenetics of human disease.

17 15 Axis 2. An evaluation of the quality of health care, the use of resources, and outcomes. See also health services research. The process of checking whether the accounts of an institution, company, or association are complete, accurate, and consistent; whether they agree with other records of activity; and whether they comply with legal requirements and professional standards. australia antigen Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). So called because it was first identified in an Australian aborigine.

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