Download A Thousand Machines: A Concise Philosophy of the Machine as by Gerald Raunig PDF
By Gerald Raunig
During this "concise philosophy of the machine," Gerald Raunig offers a ancient and significant backdrop to an idea proposed 40 years in the past by way of the French philosophers Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze: the desktop, now not as a technical machine and gear, yet as a social composition and concatenation. This notion of the laptop as an association of technical, physically, highbrow, and social parts subverts the competition among guy and computer, organism and mechanism, person and neighborhood. Drawing from an strange diversity of flicks, literature, and performance--from the function of bicycles in Flann O'Brien's fiction to Vittorio de Sica's Neorealist movie The Bicycle Thieves, and from Karl Marx's "Fragment on Machines" to the deus ex machina of Greek drama--Raunig arrives at an more suitable perception of the desktop as a social stream, discovering its so much apt and urban manifestation within the Euromayday flow, which on account that 2001 has turn into a transnational activist and discursive perform centred upon the precarious nature of work and lives.
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Extra resources for A Thousand Machines: A Concise Philosophy of the Machine as Social Movement (Intervention Series)
It would not be hard to find thousands of examples in the books of the Prophets in which lead, earth, gold, and salt speak of human virtues and vices. Alchemy often did no more than codify this homology. Indeed, all the degrees of magical and material transmutation are for some people homolo gous to the degrees of mystical contemplation: In Johannes Daustenius's Rosarium, the seven degrees are the subject of the following description. 'In this way, the body ( 1 ) causes the water to be conserved.
What happens though when experiment contradicts theory? You can, in that case, keep repeating the negative experiment over and over again, in the belief that it is simply a failed experiment. This is what Michelson did when he so often repeated the experiment which, in his view, should show the immobility of the ether. In the end however, when Michelson's failure was beyond doubt, science had to modify its fundamental principles. Thus was relativity science born. Should an experiment in alchemy not succeed, the conclusion is drawn quite simply that the right matter or the necessary germs of being were not used or even that the moment has not yet come for it to produce a result.
In reality, the ability to make links does not have its origin in surfaces, in the very place where observations are made, but rather it springs from more inward reactions. Bacon's tables do not refer directZv to a reality given greater value. It must not be forgotten that before instances are listed they are sought. They are therefore the results of ideas for research, ideas that were to a greater or lesser degree both hidden and given value. Before being taught how to describe objectively, observers should therefore have been psychoanalysed, with repressed irrational explanations being carefully exposed.