Download Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, by John Dudley PDF

By John Dudley

The 1st exhaustive research of Aristotle’s proposal of probability. This landmark e-book is the 1st to supply a entire account of Aristotle’s notion of probability. likelihood is invoked by means of many to provide an explanation for the order within the universe, the origins of lifestyles, and human freedom and happiness. An realizing of Aristotle’s idea of probability is vital for an appreciation of his perspectives on nature and ethics, perspectives that experience had an important impact at the improvement of Western philosophy. writer John Dudley analyzes Aristotle’s account of probability within the Physics, the Metaphysics, in his organic and moral treatises, in addition to in his different works. vital complementary issues reminiscent of Aristotle’s feedback of pre-Socratic philosophers, rather Empedocles and Democritus; Plato’s suggestion of probability; the chronology of Aristotle’s works; and the relevance of Aristotle’s notion to evolution and quantum idea also are lined extensive. this can be an important e-book for students and scholars of Western philosophy. John Dudley is study Fellow within the De Wulf-Mansion Centre for historic, Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy on the college of Leuven in Belgium.

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Additional info for Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism

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75 Phys. II, v, 197 a 17-18. 76 APo I, xxx, 87 b 19-27. For an analysis of this passage cf. infra Ch. 3(a) and Ch. 4(a)(xiii). 77 Phys. II, v, 197 a 19: R- JDU ORYJR K@ WZ Q DMHL R>QWZQ K@ WZ Q Z- HMSL WR SROXY. g. in the search for the times at which honey-water is useful as a medicine 73 Phys. 40 ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF CHANCE future will involve the unusual, would imply the reduction of the unusual to a science, which is a contradiction in terms. Since not all meaningful occurrences can be subsumed under what usually happens, the future cannot be predicted.

This statement requires further explicitation. By this statement Aristotle means that some events are meaningful to man, whereas others are not. Implicit in his observation is the fact that human beings are at all times attempting to understand events and discover their meaning for their own purposes. Because human beings are constantly on the lookout for events (occurrences, associations) that are meaningful, they develop a trained “eye” for the meaningful and pay no attention to what is not meaningful.

V), ii, 1013 a 29-32. THE DOCTRINE OF PHYS. e. 35 An accident 33 Phys. II, vii, 198 a 23-26. g. a tripod falling in such a way that one could sit on it would otherwise be a final cause (for this example of a chance event cf. infra this chapter, §(ix)). Cf. also infra Ch. 5(d)(ii), p. 194 and n. 131; Ch. 5(c) (ii). For Aristotle, an efficient cause is normally a concrete substance, as pointed out by Wieland, Die aristotelische Physik…266 (transl. in Barnes, Schofield, Sorabji, Articles on Aristotle…Vol.

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