Download Art and Enlightenment: Scottish Aesthetics in the 18th by Jonathan Friday PDF
By Jonathan Friday
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Extra resources for Art and Enlightenment: Scottish Aesthetics in the 18th Century
At the age of twenty six he began to publish The Treatise of Human Nature, the book that would eventually be recognized as the most philosophically significant among his many great works. Composed of three parts, the first of which consists of an analysis of the operations of the mind, the second part analyses the passions, or feelings and emotions, and the final part questions of morality. The conclusions, particularly in the first and final parts of the Treatise, are acknowledged by Hume to have a sceptical orientation, in the sense that many of our beliefs—such as that one thing is the cause of another or that some action is morally good— have no basis in reason, but in imagination and sentiment.
Some other powers of music may be considered hereafter. XIV. But in all these instances of beauty let it be observed that the pleasure is communicated to those who never reflected on this general foundation, and that all here alleged is this, that the pleasant sensation arises only from objects in which there is uniformity amidst variety. We may have the sensation without knowing what is the occasion of it, as a man’s taste may suggest ideas of sweets, acids, bitters, though he be ignorant of the forms of the small bodies, or their motions, which excite these perceptions in him.
His interest in the moral philosophy of Shaftesbury and the natural philosophy of Newton had a profound effect upon the Aberdeen curriculum, and he became one of the first to employ the experimental method in moral philosophy, an approach most famously associated with Hume. Despite his prominence in Aberdeen, Turnbull fell out with the Principal of Marischal College, and resigned his post in 1727. His reputation for learning however was sufficient to enable him to be regularly employed as the tutor and guardian to young aristocrats on their continental grand tours.