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By Kyoto University, and Barbara Molony, Santa Clara University Edited by Emiko Ochiai

Asia's New moms, via a spotlight on childcare, bargains a comparative neighborhood research designated in English-language resources of adjusting gender roles in East and Southeast Asia. considering the ancient and cultural adjustments and similarities one of the societies within the zone, the authors hire indepth researches of people's daily stories. The examine was once carried out among 2001 and 2003 in six societies in East and Southeast Asia Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand and Singapore. whereas each one makes its personal precise contributions, many of the essays are trained through theoretical focal issues: modernization and gender and globalization and gender.

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For each society, we will try to delineate the actual childcare practices that people experience everyday based on interviews, observations, and questionnaire surveys. Our focus is on who the agents of childcare are in the society under consideration, whether they are effective, and how people combine different types of agents in different situations. Then, we will examine the effect of childcare practices on women’s life course and the changes taking place. As Bott has demonstrated, the nature of the family network and the family’s internal structure are mutually related (Bott 1957).

In other words, statistics on women’s labor have the effect of making a large portion of that labor invisible, but having properly understood this situation, it is possible to use formal statistics of women’s labor as a starting point for comparison. 7 shows the labor force participation rates for women by age, according to official statistics for the six societies, including Japan. The first thing to note is the high participation rates for women in some of these areas. In the broader Asian context, Japan’s rates are not high at all.

This period is also good for family formation, because much effective help is available from the kin network due to the large number of siblings who survived to the prime of life. 6 Age structure of Asian Population Source: Governmental statistics of each society childcare in the 1960s and 1980s in urban Japan reveals that in the 1960s, the kin network was dominant, while in the 1980s the strongest network was the network of neighbors. The explanation for this is that during the period of “demographic dividend” in Japan in the 1960s, each one had an average of four siblings who survived to adulthood, but this later declined to only two (Ochiai 1997).

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