Download Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the by Robert Jungk PDF
By Robert Jungk
An account of the awesome scientists who found that nuclear fission was once attainable after which grew to become excited by its implications. Index. Translated by way of James Cleugh.
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Probably the most very important discoveries of this century chilly fusion was once summarily rejected by means of technological know-how and the media prior to enough proof have been collected to make a rational judgment attainable. sufficient facts is now on hand to teach that this rejection was once fallacious and that the invention of a brand new resource of fresh strength can assist remedy a few severe difficulties presently dealing with mankind.
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Additional info for Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (Paperback)
Robertson, and M. A. Mathieson, Acta. Cryst. ¿, 351 (1950). H. Kallmann and M. Furst, Phys. Rev. 79, 857 (1950). W. H. Melhuish, J. Phys. Chem. 65, 229 (I96l). R. N. Jones, J. Am. Chem. Soc. É>£, 2127 (19^5). P. Borrell and H. H. Greenwood, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A298, >*53 (1967). J. Saltiel, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 8£, 1036 (1967). F. H. Herbstein and G. M. J. Schmidt, J. Chem. Soc. 3302 (195*0· I. B. Berlman, J. Chem. Phys. 52_, 5615 (1970). H. » New York» 1967) p. 30*w I. B. Berlman, J. Phys, Chem.
06 mole/liter no quenching of the fluorescence of a solution of 4g/liter PPO in benzene is observed for excitation of the first and second ex cited level of the solvent. For excitation at 1950À the transfer efficiency i S only 93$ of its value for the unquenched solut ion and it decreases with decreasing wavelength down to 7C$ of its original value for excitation at 1220 and 1100 Â 9This value corresponds quite 1well with the quenching effect found by Oster and Kallmann^ ) who investigated the quenching ef fect of chloroform on solutions of PBD in benzene for excita tion with 2540 A and with Y -rays.
Which competes with internal conver sion to the first excited state* An experiment which was de signed to explore whether transition to the triplet state is the decisive mechanism for qj was performed by Braun, Kato and Lipsky in the work mentioned above (7)*After triplet ben 1 the phosphorescence zene was found to sensitize effectively of biacetyl both in the vapor phase' "' and in solution^ they compared the excitation spectrum of a solution of benzene in cyclohexane with that obtained with biacetyl added.