Download Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning by Max Boisot PDF
By Max Boisot
After twenty-five years of training, the big Hadron Collider at CERN, Geneva, is ultimately operating its extensive medical experiments into high-energy particle physics. those experiments, that have so captured the public's mind's eye, take the realm of physics to a brand new strength point, the terascale, at which trouble-free debris are speeded up to 1 millionth of a percentage of the rate of sunshine and made to spoil into one another with a mixed power of round fourteen trillion electron-volts. What new international opens up on the terascale? not anyone rather is aware, however the convinced expectation is that noticeably new phenomena will come into sight. the type of "big technology" being pursued at CERN, even if, is turning into ever extra doubtful and expensive. Do the predicted advantages justify the efforts and the prices? This e-book goals to provide a huge organizational and strategic figuring out of the character of "big technology" by way of studying one of many significant experiments that makes use of the big Hadron Collider, the ATLAS Collaboration. It examines such concerns as: the circulation of "interlaced" wisdom among expert groups; the intra- and inter-organizational dynamics of "big science"; the hot wisdom capital being created for the workings of the scan by way of person researchers, providers, and e-science and ICTs; the management implications of a collaboration of approximately 3 thousand individuals; and the advantages for the broader societal atmosphere. This ebook goals to envision how, within the face of excessive degrees of uncertainty and probability, formidable clinical goals should be accomplished via complicated organizational networks characterised by means of cultural range, informality, and trust--and the place "big technology" can head subsequent.
Read or Download Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC PDF
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Extra info for Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC
The detector would have to detect billions of particle collisions, track the collision products of each of these, and analyse their different trajectories in sufﬁcient detail to identify the interesting ones. These data would then have to be shared out among the collaboration’s participating institutions, scattered as they were around the globe, in real time. Such ambitious goals could be met only by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) that did not yet exist. At the time of design, electronics of this speed, precision, responsiveness, low power consumption, radiation hardness, packing density, and readout speed were simply unavailable.
Subsystem by subsystem, these were recommended for approval for each system by the LHCC. They were then approved by the Research Board of CERN. Although the construction of subsystems was based on approved Technical Design Reports, this did not preclude changes in design. In a large and complex undertaking such as ATLAS, design changes were all but inevitable, as abstract concepts were gradually brought into contact with physical realities and constraints. Several engineering changes were thus effectively undertaken in different subsystems, albeit following an established internal procedure for submitting and approving them.
24 What is ATLAS? institutions, not at that of the ATLAS management: people know what to do and they get on with it; they do not need to be told. Only if subsystems run into conﬂicting requirements might higher-level arbitration be required and the Spokesperson be called in to help. But, even then, the Spokesperson does not impose technical solutions but rather attempts to persuade. In such an environment, then, the key technical decisions are taken at the sub-project level in consultation with the different executive bodies within ATLAS.