Download Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and by T. R. McClanahan, C. R. C. Sheppard, D. O. Obura PDF
By T. R. McClanahan, C. R. C. Sheppard, D. O. Obura
Obtainable and complicated, coral reefs are excellent ordinary laboratories for learning a variety of ecological and organic questions. This assortment makes a speciality of the Indian Ocean and the pink Sea, which include the most miraculous reefs discovered anyplace and that are rather little studied. it's going to entice a extensive variety of researchers in ecology and may be an important source for a person learning reefs.
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Extra info for Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation
Quaternary Development of coral reefs. New York: Wiley Interscience 6. , Hopley, D. 1991. The significance of coral reefs as global carbon sinks - response to Greenhouse Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 89: 363-377 7. , Wulf, M. 1980. Late Quaternary paleo-oceanography of the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) Red Sea. Quaternary Research 14: 294-308 1. Coral Reefs of the Western Indian Ocean 8. 9. J. 1992. Marine Ecology of the Arabian Area. Patterns and Processes in Extreme Environments.
These mats are commonly called 'sabkha', a word from the Arabian region where this community occupies tens of thousands of square kilometers, and where single continuous sabkha may cover areas 32 by 300 kilometers in size (26,27). The upper surface of the sabkha community is a mixture, possibly symbiotic or commensal in part, of cyanophytes and a varying composition of algae, the latter depending on exact conditions. The mats which develop have a vertical thickness of 1 to 3 cm, and vertical stratification of the community is pronounced.
Complete "drying out" of the Red Sea was unlikely, but outward flows of highly saline water could not be supported, and salinity increased to >50 ppt and even 70 ppt (7,8) enough to kill most biota (3,4), though episodes of new inflows of Indian Ocean water occurred (1). 1. P. Because the lagoons of most atolls are shallower than 130 m, sea level changes had profound effects on the amount of land and shallow reef flat that was exposed. Apart from islands about 2 to 3 meters above high tide, a typical atoll top is a vast reef flat near low water level.