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By Stefano Giacchetti

The most solution to swap the area, in Marx's viewpoint, is thru a revolution of the constitution of society, that's, of its comparatively cheap procedure of fabric construction. This revolution can't happen during the conventional associations embodied in any given type of executive, when you consider that those associations are there to guard the commercial process that created them. a brand new society needs to be developed at the abolition of capitalism and its associations. just a society that's dependent on a method of creation without inner most estate, the place the technique of creation aren't owned via somebody or a social category, might be unfastened.

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Extra info for Critique of Rationality in Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Adorno: Aesthetics and Models of Resistance

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His devaluation of rationality as a tool for domination will in fact have a large impact on the theories of Adorno and Horkheimer. But while Horkheimer, especially in his late years, will consistently support Schopenhauer's doctrine, even in its most metaphysical conclusions, Adorno, on the contrary, always remained a severe critic of Schopenhauer, 28 The indebtedness of Freud to Schopenhauer is particularly strong, if we consider what we just said about Freud's conception of sublimation. 29 M.

W. Adorno, M. Horkheimer, I Seminari della Scuola di Francoforte, p. 175. (My translation) 9 A. 1, p. 46. 38 empirical world, but then reason becomes in Schopenhauer a merely calculating device which might be formally accurate, but that cannot achieve any status of truth, least of all in the ambit of morals. While we will discuss the details of Schopenhauer's ethical system in chapter V, we can already see that the impossibility for reason to guide moral decisions is based on Schopenhauer's contradictory evaluation of the subject's role.

While this analysis will sustain a critical evaluation of Schopenhauer's pessimism, it will also try to point out the innovative aspects of his thought. This reconstruction has primarily two functions. The first, analytical one is to explain some crucial categories developed by Schopenhauer, since these will prove to be indispensable for understanding Nietzsche's thought first, and then its reception in Adorno's theory. The second, critical function is to show the basic flaws of Schopenhauer's doctrine, as they will be later detected and modified by Nietzsche and 1 G.

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